Allahabad becomes Prayagraj

What is Important?UPSC perspective:Prelims:Procedure of renaming cityMains:Concerns & ProcedureNon-UPSC perspective:Present name of Allahabad


Why in News?

Recently, Uttar Pradesh Government affirmed a proposal to rename Allahabad as ‘Prayagraj’.

Why Changes:

*Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister has always been Prayag in the directories of the RSS, just as Varanasi has been Kashi. Replacing Allahabad with Prayagraj, possibly before the Kumbh Mela in January next year, will reinforce ongoing RSS efforts to recast the history of India in a new framework, using a revised vocabulary and cultural categories.
*Allahabad's new name proposal comes close on the heels of renaming the iconic Mughalsarai railway station after Bharatiya Jana Sangh co-founder Deendayal Upadhyay.
*The Yogi government has also approached the Centre for approval to rename three airports - those in Bareilly (to be named Nath Nagri), Agra (to be named after Deen Dayal Upadhyay) and Kanpur (to be named after freedom fighter Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi).

Background

*The city of Allahabad was initially known as Prayag in Ancient times. Somewhere in the range of 1574 and 1583, the sixteenth century Mughal ruler Akbar established a fort close to the intersection of the Ganga and the Yamuna, known as Sangam, as he was inspired with its key position.
*Consequently, Akbar named the fort and its neighborhood as Ilahabad, which implied the "Abode of God", roused by the religion he had founded, Din-I-Illahi.
* In the later years, Akbar's grandson Shah Jahan renamed the whole city as Allahabad. In any case, the zone close to the Sangam, which is the site of the Kumbh Mela,, kept on being called Prayag.

Procedure of renaming city

*Renaming of a city is given to the State Legislators,the system contrasts from state to state but the regulations remains the same.
*The initial step includes bringing of a demand up in type of a resolution by any MLA, which proposes the renaming of a specific city or road.
*Based on the demand of the MLA, the issue would be thought upon and the results of the equivalent will be talked about upon.
*The last steps involves voting of the validity of the resolution,If a simple majority is attained in favour of the resolution, the said resolution will be pronounced passed.
*The State Legislation based on the lion's share see will roll out the essential changes in the name of the state or city public.The proposal will go to the Centre for approval before the city is authoritatively renamed.

Concerns

Marginalisation - The choice is made out of intervention and political intentions. The occupants have not been known to pitch for a difference in name as a need.
The city, once an overflowing cosmopolitan Centre of learning, social creation, governmental issues and industry, has been in decay in the course of recent decades, reflecting the minimization of this district in national undertakings.
Heritage - The name change is hardly likely to address any of the city’s problems or the many unfulfilled aspirations of its residents.
Also, Muslims constitute nearly 20% of the state’s population, at over 38 million,and denying such a large population its due share in public life and collective memory, is to practise exclusionary politics.
There have been no studies done to date to measure the impact of city name changes.
Cost - Geographical indicators attached to the place, in the international market, often end up losing their significance due to such a change.
Outsiders have to be introduced with the new name of the place and the traffic signs and milestones have to be reinstalled.
Railway signage, systems and paperwork across the country have to be updated.
Government and business stationery have to be destroyed and remade at a cost to the environment.
The biggest cost may be in re-educating outsiders about the name change, an intangible line item whose true costs will never be known.



Allahabad becomes Prayagraj Allahabad becomes Prayagraj Reviewed by The Hindu Current Affairs on October 18, 2018 Rating: 5

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