China May Soon Have a Second (Artificial) Moon to illuminate city streets

What is Important?
UPSC perspective:Prelims:Highlights Mains:Highlights and significanceNon-UPSC perspective:Which country has launched it?


Why in News?

China is intending to dispatch its own ‘artificial moon’ by 2020 to replace streetlamps and bring down power costs in urban regions.

Highlights and significance

*Chengdu, a city in southwestern Sichuan area, is creating “illumination satellites" which will sparkle eight times more brighter than the real moon. 
*Sparkling from the artificial moon covering 50 square kilometers in Chengdu could save 1.2 billion yuan ($240 million) in power costs each year.
* It could likewise be utilized to illuminate zones experiencing power blackouts caused by cataclysmic events, for example, earthquakes.
*The first man-made moon will dispatch from Xichang Satellite Launch Center in Sichuan, with three more to follow in 2022 if the primary test goes well. 
*Despite the first launch will be experimental, the 2022 satellites will be the real deal with awesome civic and commercial potential.
*The three artificial moons would operate alternately in order to significantly reduce infrastructural electricity consumption, especially during winter. The illuminated satellite is designed to complement the moon at night.

man-made moon

The thought for the man-made moon began from a French artist who envisioned hanging an accessory made of mirrors in the sky to illuminate the lanes of Paris around evening time. Russia endeavored to dispatch a 25-meter "space reflect" however the project was put off in 1999.
China May Soon Have a Second (Artificial) Moon to illuminate city streets China May Soon Have a Second (Artificial) Moon to illuminate city streets Reviewed by The Hindu Current Affairs on October 20, 2018 Rating: 5

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