Cyclonic ‘Titli’ has hit the Bay of Bengal

What is Important?
UPSC perspective:
Prelims:About the Cyclone
Mains:About the Cyclone
Non-UPSC perspective:Place
Why in News?
Cyclone Titli made landfall near Gopalpur in Odisha early Thursday morning, with surface wind speeds of 126 kmph
Name of Cyclones

How are Cyclones named?
*Naming of Cyclones in North Indian Ocean by India and other SAARC countries and Oman , *Thailand began 10 years ago. This procedure is adopted for easy reference , documentation and research.
*The latest one Hudhud is names by Oman after Arabic word ,Hoopoe , a blue crested bird. The next one is named by Pakistan as Nilofer.
*In the event of a storm, the Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre, New Delhi, selects a name from the list.
*The naming of Cyclones is done by turns in sequence by various countries through International committee of World Meterlogical Organization and UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and Pacific.
Difference between hurricanes, cyclones and typhoons
*In the North Atlantic and the Northeast Pacific basins they are called hurricanes;
*In the Northwest Pacific basin they are called typhoons;
*In the Indian Ocean basin (including Arabian SeaBay of Bengal and South Indian Ocean) they are called cyclones;
*In the Southwest Pacific basin they are just called by their generic name tropical cyclones.
*In the Mediterranean (which - owing to their rare occurrence - is not recognised yet as a basin) they are called medicanes (Mediterranean+hurricanes);
Cyclone season:
The country’s cyclone season runs from April to December, with severe storms often causing dozens of deaths, evacuations of tens of thousands of people from low-lying villages and wide damage to crops and property.
Cyclone categories:
Category 1: Wind and gales of 90-125 kph, negligible house damage, some damage to trees and crops.
Category 2: Destructive winds of 125-164 kph. Minor house damage, significant damage to trees, crops and caravans, risk of power failure.
Category 3: Very destructive winds of 165-224 kph. Some roof and structural damage, some caravans destroyed, power failure likely.
Category 4: Very destructive winds of 225-279 kph. Significant roofing loss and structural damage, caravans destroyed, blown away, widespread power failures.
Category 5: Very destructive winds gusts of more than 280 kph. Extremely dangerous with widespread destruction.

Cyclonic ‘Titli’ has hit the Bay of Bengal  Cyclonic ‘Titli’ has hit the Bay of Bengal Reviewed by The Hindu Current Affairs on October 11, 2018 Rating: 5

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