Govt. notifies rules on granting citizenship


What is Important?UPSC perspective:Prelims:Citizenship Act, 1955Mains :Objectives & Significance


Why in News?

The Union Home Ministry has empowered the Collectors of certain districts in seven States to accept online applications to grant citizenship to “persecuted minorities” from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh living in India.

Highlights:

*A parliamentary committee has been examining the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016, which proposes to grant citizenship to Minorities
*Home Ministry gave powers to the Collectors in Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Delhi to grant citizenship and naturalisation certificates to the migrants under Sections 5 and 6 of the Citizenship Act, 1955. 
*The migrants can apply online, and the verification reports or the security clearance reports of the applicants shall be made available to the Centre through an online portal.
*Citizenship will be granted after the verification reports are received from the States and the Centre.
*The Collector or the Secretary shall maintain an online/digital as well as physical register, containing the details of persons so registered or naturalised as a citizen of India and furnish a copy thereof to the Central government within seven days of registration.

Acquisition of Indian Citizenship as per Citizenship Act 1955:

Indian Citizenship can be acquired under the following ways :
(a) Citizenship at the commencement of the constitution of India
(b) Citizenship by birth*
(c) Citizenship by descent
(d) Citizenship by registration
(e) Citizenship by naturalization.
  1. Persons domiciled in the territory of India as on 26 November 1949 automatically became Indian. (Citizenship at the commencement of the constitution of India.)
  2. Any person born in India on or after 26 January 1950, but prior to the commencement of the 1986 Act on 1 July 1987, is a citizen of India by birth. [Citizenship by birth]
  • A person born in India on or after 1 July 1987 is a citizen of India if either parent was a citizen of India at the time of the birth. [Citizenship by birth]
  • Those born in India on or after 3 December 2004 are considered citizens of India only if both of their parents are citizens of India or if one parent is a citizen of India and the other is not an illegal migrant at the time of their birth. [Citizenship by birth].
  1. One can lose citizenship of India in three ways – Renunciation, Termination and Deprivation.




Govt. notifies rules on granting citizenship Govt. notifies rules on granting citizenship Reviewed by The Hindu Current Affairs on October 26, 2018 Rating: 5

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