Indian History-Brahmo Samaj

BRAHMO SAMAJ

 Brahmo Samaj believes that the most fundamental doctrines of Brahmoism are at the basis of every religion followed by man. Brahmo Samaj believes in the existence of One Supreme God. Brahmo Samaj believes that worship of Him needs no fixed place or time. Swami Vivekananda was a member of the Brahmo Samaj when he was studying in Scottish Church College, India, from 1881 to 1884, and remained with the Brahmo Samaj until he met his guru, Sri Ramakrishna in November 1881. After the publication of Hemendranath Tagore's Brahmo Anusthan (code of practice) in 1860 which formally divorced Brahmoism from Hinduism, the first Brahmo Samaj was founded in 1861 at Lahore by Pandit Nobin Chandra Roy. It is practiced today mainly as the Adi Dharm after its eclipse in Bengal consequent to the exit of the Tattwabodini Sabha from its ranks in 1839.
            In 1858, Keshub Chandra Sen was made the Acharya of the Samaj. Sen tried to change the organization by introducing teaching from other religions and went too ahead of his times by openly supporting inter-caste marriages. In 1865 he was shown the door. Later he found Brahmo Samaj of India in 1866 and the older Samaj came to known as Adi Brahmo Samaj. In 1873 Keshub Chandra Sen committed the inexplicable act of getting his 13 year old daughter married in a ritualistic orthodox way. This led to the exit of some of his followers and set up Sadharan Brahmo Samaj.
Doctrine of Brahmo Samaj

  •  Brahmo Samajists have no faith in any scripture as an authority. 
  • Brahmo Samajists have no faith in Avatars 
  • Brahmo Samajists denounce polytheism and idol-worship. 
  • Brahmo Samajists are against caste restrictions. 
  • Brahmo Samajists make faith in the doctrines of Karma and Rebirth optional. 
  • Brahmo Samajists believe in love of mankind irrespective of caste, creed, race, colour
Roy’s Contribution to Women’s Rights
The turning point in his life came in 1811 when wife of his deceased elder brother committed Sati. This event filled Raja Ram Mohan Roy with unspeakable remorse and pity for women.

  •  Raj Rammohan Roy is most remembered for helping Lord William Bentinck to declare the practice of Sati a punishable offence in 1829. This regulation, though was effective in Bengal only, began the process of social reform through social legislation. 
  •  He also protested against the child marriage and female infanticide. 
  •  He favored the remarriage of widows, female education and women’s right to property.
Roy’s Contribution towards Education

  •  In 1817, in collaboration with David Hare, he set up the Hindu College at Calcutta. 
  •  In 1822, Roy found the Anglo-Hindu school, followed four years later (1826) by the Vedanta College; where he insisted that his teachings of monotheistic doctrines be incorporated with "modern, western curriculum." 
  • In 1830, he helped Rev. Alexander Duff in establishing the General Assembly's Institution (now known as Scottish Church College) 
  • He supported induction of western learning into Indian education.
Roy’s Contribution towards Indian Nationalism

  •  Roy published journals in English, Hindi, Persian and Bengali. 
  •  His most popular journal was the SambadKaumudi and edited a Persian weekly Mirat-ul-Akhbar. It covered topics like freedom of press, Indianisation of superior services, judicial equality between Indians and Europeans and separation of the executive and judiciary. 
  • Roy condemned oppressive practices of Bengali zamindars and demanded fixation of maximum rents. He also demanded abolition of taxes on tax free lands. 
  • He called for a reduction of export duties on goods abroad and abolition of the East India Company's trading rights. 
  • Roy was an internationalist with a vision beyond his time. He supported the revolution of Naples and Spanish America and condemned the oppression of Ireland by absentee English landlordism.

Indian History-Brahmo Samaj Indian History-Brahmo Samaj Reviewed by The Hindu Current Affairs on October 09, 2018 Rating: 5

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