One India, two time zones

What is Important?
UPSC perspective:
Prelims:Time zones
Mains:challenges & benefits


Why in News?

There is a demand to change the transient modalities of the Indian country state from its official time-keeper. Researchers at the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research's National Physical Laboratory (CSIR-NPL) have now contended that IST have published a research article describing the necessity of two time zones, with the new one an hour ahead of the existing time zone.

Background:

*The time contrast between the westernmost point of India and the easternmost point is around two hours, the impact of which is that the sun rises and sets much earlier than it does in whatever remains of the nation.
*Most Indians are not especially stressed over Indian Standard Time (IST), aside from the individuals who live in the Northeast where the sun rises around 4 a.m. in summer, and gets dark certainly before 4 p.m. in winter.

Impact

*North east India would propel 60 minutes, expanding the regions's profitable, sunlight hours and the nation's potential vitality reserve could add up to an incredible 20 million kWh a year
*Workplaces could open sooner after dawn, and maybe workers could even savour the last dregs of dusk as they trudge towards home or their desired form of recreation
*Biomedical research has reliably indicated the physical and psychological benefits of adjusting circadian (rest) rhythms to the sun's rising and setting

The proposal

The research paper proposes to call the two time zones IST-I (UTC + 5.30 h) and IST-II (UTC + 6.30 h). The proposed line of demarcation is at 89°52’E, the narrow border between Assam and West Bengal.
States west of the line would continue to follow IST (to be called IST-I). States east of the line — Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, Andaman & Nicobar Islands —would follow IST-II.

Challenges

*A long-standing contention against getting rid of IST has been it would confuse the railway framework
*In a nation with such huge numbers of decent varieties to amalgamate into a proverbial unity, asking the people from the Northeast to awaken a hour sooner may prompt amazingly, another point of difference

Way forward

*Indian Standard Time (IST) dismisses longitudinal reality — from east to west, there is "actually" a two-hour distinction — which results in a noteworthy loss of sunlight hours in the eastern parts of the nation
*An invigorating, if antediluvian, thought goes with the idea of two time zones


One India, two time zones One India, two time zones Reviewed by The Hindu Current Affairs on October 21, 2018 Rating: 5

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