Sikkim gets FAO award for best policies

Sikkim gets FAO award for best policies

What is Important?UPSC perspective:Prelims:About organic farming
Mains:Significance, challenges and potential of organic farming
Non-UPSC perspective:Which State has won FAO Award?

Why in News?

Recently,Sikkim haswon the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation's (FAO) Future Policy Award 2018 for being the world's first 100 percent organic state.

What is Future Policy Gold Award?

*Nicknamed the "Oscar for best policies", the award is co-organised with the FAO by The World Future Council (WFC) and IFOAM -- Organics International, and recognises "the world's best laws and policies promoting agroecology".

*Previously it was honoured for policies combating desertification, violence against women and girls, nuclear weapons and pollution of the oceans.

Sikkim’s policy and achievement

*Sikkim implemented a phase out policy of chemical fertilisers and pesticides, and achieved a total ban on sale and use of chemical pesticides in the state.

*Sikkim became the first fully organic state of India in 2016.

*Over the years around 75000 hectares of land in the state has been converted into certified organic farms following the guidelines as prescribed by National Programme for Organic Production.

*The transition benefited more than 66000 farming families.

*Sikkim tourism sector got benefited greatly from the state’s transition to 100 percent organic as the number of tourists increased by over 50 percent between 2014 and 2017.

What is Organic farming & its significance?

*Organic farming is an alternative agricultural system which originated early in the 20th century in reaction to rapidly changing farming practices.

*In India is not new and is being followed from ancient time,it is a method of farming system which primarily aimed at cultivating the land and raising crops in such a way, as to keep the soil alive and in good health by use of organic wastes (crop, animal and farm wastes, aquatic wastes) and other biological materials along with beneficial microbes (biofertilizers) to release nutrients to crops for increased sustainable production in an eco friendly pollution free environment.

*It relies on fertilizers of organic origin such as compost manure, green manure, and bone meal and places emphasis on techniques such as crop rotation and companion planting.

*Biological pest control, mixed cropping and the fostering of insect predators are encouraged.

*In general, organic standards are designed to allow the use of naturally occurring substances while prohibiting or strictly limiting synthetic substances.

*Organic cultivation doesn’t involve the use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers and thus helps to maintain a harmonious balance among the various complex ecosystems.

*It improves the quality of the soil which further improves the standards of the crops produced there.

Present status of organic Farming-India:

*Crop/Agriculture 3.95 Mha (0.96 mha cultivable and rest forest area) land is under organic farming Rank at 33 in world in terms of area under organic farming Rank 88 in terms of the ratio of agricultural land under organic crap to total farming area.
*Madhya Pradesh has highest area under organic farming (1.1 mha or 52%) Maharashtra is at second (0.96 mha or 33.6%) Orissa is at third (0.67 mha or 9.7%) Uttrakhand and Sikkim are organic States

Sikkim gets FAO award for best policies Sikkim gets FAO award for best policies Reviewed by The Hindu Current Affairs on October 16, 2018 Rating: 5

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