U.S. to pull out of Russia missile pact


What is Important?UPSC perspective:Prelims:About INF TreatyMains:Objectives & significance


Why in News?

U.S. has confirmed that it would pull out of the Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty with Russia.INF is a crucial Cold War-era treaty banning the development, testing and possession of short and medium range ground-launched nuclear missiles with a range of 500-5,000 km.

INF Treaty:

*The Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF Treaty, formally Treaty Between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Elimination of Their Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles) is a 1987 arms control agreement between the United States and the Soviet Union (and later its successor state the Russian Federation).
*Signed in Washington, D.C. by President Ronald Reagan and General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev on 8 December 1987, the treaty was ratified by the United States Senate on 27 May 1988 and came into force on 1 June 1988.

Allegations

*At issue is Russia’s alleged development and deployment of the Novator 9M729 missile, also known as the SSC-8 that could strike Europe at short notice.
*The U.S. administration, under Obama raised the issue of Russia testing a ground-launched cruise missile with Russian President Vladimir Putin in 2014.
*The Russians denied the allegations and raised counter-allegations of the U.S. installing missile defence systems in Europe.
*While the two countries failed to find a resolution using the dispute resolution mechanism in the treaty, the U.S. continued to remain party to the treaty under pressure from its European allies.

Implications

*A withdrawal will allow the U.S. new weapon options in the Pacific in its efforts to counter China’s growing influence.
*There are also concerns that the treaty’s end could mark the beginning of a new arms race between the U.S. and Russia.
*The US has been unilaterally withdrawing from all sorts of agreement and mechanisms from the Iran deal to the International Postal treaty.



U.S. to pull out of Russia missile pact U.S. to pull out of Russia missile pact Reviewed by The Hindu Current Affairs on October 24, 2018 Rating: 5

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