461 elephants electrocuted in country in 8 years since 2009


What is Important?
UPSC perspective:
Prelims :Highlights
Mains:Highlights & Project Elephant


Why in News?

Between August to October 2018, more than a dozen elephants were electrocuted in the eastern and northeastern part of India, including seven elephants in Odisha’s Dhenkanal district.

Highlights:

*An analysis of data pertaining to elephant deaths in India due to electrocution between 2009 and November 2017 points out that, every year, about 50 elephants have died on average due to electrocution.
*A total of 461 elephant deaths due to electrocution occurred in the eight years between 2009 and November 2017.
*A closer look at the data reveals that States in the eastern and northeastern region of the country have accounted for most of these deaths — in Odisha, 90 elephants died of electrocution; 70 elephants died of electrocution in Assam; 48 elephants in West Bengal; and 23 elephants in Chhattisgarh.
*Karnataka, which has the highest population of elephants, has recorded the highest casualties by electrocution, numbering 106. While 17 elephants died in Kerala, in Tamil Nadu, the number of deaths in the same period was 50.
*According to the all-India synchronised census of elephants in 2017, their population was 27,312. The States with the highest elephant population are Karnataka (6,049), followed by Assam (5,719) and Kerala (3,054).

Background:

*Elephant is the largest terrestrial mammal of India . Elephant being wide ranging animal requires large areas .
* As per our mythology , elephant took birth from celestial waters and thus are closely associated with rains / water because of the belief.
*Asian elephants were believed to be widely distributed – from Tigris – Euphrates in West Asia eastward through Persia into the Indian sub-continent, South and Southeast Asia including Sri Lanka, Java, Sumatra, Borneo and up to North China.
* About 60% of the Asian elephant population is in India. Old literatures indicate that even during the Moghul period, elephants were found all over India including many part of Central India like Marwar, Chanderi, Satwas, Bijagarh and Panna.
* However current distribution of wild elephant in India is confined to South India ; North East including North West Bengal; Central Indian states of Orissa , South WB and Jharkhand; and North West India in Uttarakahnd and UP.

Project Elephant:

Project Elephant (PE) was launched by the Government of India in the year 1992 as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme with following objectives :
1.   To protect elephants, their habitat & corridors
2.   To address issues of man-animal conflict
3.   Welfare of captive elephants
Main activities under the Project are as follows:
  1. Ecological restoration of existing natural habitats and migratory routes of elephants;
2.   Development of scientific and planned management for conservation of elephant habitats and viable population of Wild Asiatic elephants in India;
3.   Promotion of measures for mitigation of man elephant conflict in crucial habitats and moderating pressures of human and domestic stock activities in crucial elephant habitats;
4.   Strengthening of measures for protection of Wild elephants form poachers and unnatural causes of death;
5.   Research on Elephant management related issues;
6.   Public education and awareness programmes;
7.   Eco-development
8.   Veterinary care
9.   Elephant Rehabilitation/Rescue Centers



461 elephants electrocuted in country in 8 years since 2009 461 elephants electrocuted in country in 8 years since 2009 Reviewed by The Hindu Current Affairs on November 02, 2018 Rating: 5

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