Looking beyond the optics

Looking beyond the optics


Why in News?

President Ram Nath Kovind’s choice of Vietnam as the first Southeast Asian country, Mr. Kovind’s visit focussed on furthering cooperation in agriculture and innovation-based sectors, pushing the potential for increasing bilateral trade to $15 billion by 2020.

Highlights:

  • Domestically, since the start of its Doi Moi policy — its political and economic renewal campaign —in 1986, Vietnam has made dramatic strides.
  • Today it is a rapidly growing, regional economic giant, showing both dynamism and pragmatism in its calculations.
  • While earlier it imported agricultural products, today it is a major exporter.
  • Agricultural competence has furthered Vietnam’s entry into the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP).
  • Internationally, Vietnam’s foreign policy is characterised by ‘multidirectionalism’, which addresses regional asymmetries of the power balance by engaging across a broad spectrum of states to achieve its interests.
  • Increasingly, this asymmetrical power structure in the region, offset by the rise of China, is bringing regional and extra-regional states together to address the shifts in the normative order.
  • Within this context, Vietnam even normalised relations with the U.S., its former opponent.

 Bilateral ties:

  • Vietnam and India is health care,The 12th National Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam, in 2016, highlighted the importance of linking economic growth to universal health care, whereby 80% population would be covered by health insurance. 
  • multidirectionalism’, which addresses regional asymmetries of the power balance by engaging across a broad spectrum of states to achieve its interests.
  • Increasingly, this asymmetrical power structure in the region, offset by the rise of China, is bringing regional and extra-regional states together to address the shifts in the normative order. 
  •  Security concerns,in the areas of maritime security and adherence to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, the two countries have planned a bilateral level maritime security dialogue in early 2019.
  • Focus on Sub-regionalism,Vietnam has helped to mitigate these by focussing on both sub-regionalism and regionalism as the core of its priorities. India too looks at both sub-regionalism and regionalism as priority avenues to pursue its foreign policy. 
  •  India and Vietnam can jointly explore the potential for enhancing capacity building and providing technical assistance and training within this sub-regional grouping.



Looking beyond the optics Looking beyond the optics Reviewed by The Hindu Current Affairs on November 24, 2018 Rating: 5

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