Most child death due to pneumonia in India

What is Important?
UPSC perspective:
Prelims:Causes, symptoms and treatment
Mains:Key facts & Way forward

Why in News?

India continues to have the highest burden of pneumonia and diarrhoea child deaths in the world, with 158,176 pneumonia and 102,813 diarrhoea deaths in 2016. This was stated in the ‘Pneumonia and Diarrhoea Progress Report’ released on Friday by the International Vaccine Access Centre (IVAC).

Key facts:

*The report, which looked at progress in fighting pneumonia and diarrhoea in 15 countries with the greatest number of deaths from these illnesses, finds health systems are falling woefully short of ensuring that the most vulnerable children have access to prevention and treatment services.
*The 15 countries that the report looked at account for 70% of global pneumonia and diarrhoea deaths in children under five.
*The 15 nations in order with the highest number of pneumonia and diarrhoea child deaths are India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Chad, Angola, Somalia, Indonesia, Tanzania, China, Niger, Bangladesh, Uganda, and Cote d'Ivoire.
*Globally, pneumonia and diarrhoea led to nearly one of every four deaths in children under five years of age in 2016.
*Breastfeeding, vaccination, access to care, use of antibiotics, oral rehydration solution (ORS) and zinc supplementation — to help protect against, prevent, and treat, pneumonia and diarrhoea.
*The measures are proven to help prevent death due to these illnesses and could help achieve the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goal target of reducing under-five mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births by 2030.
*Progress in India — home to more under-five pneumonia and diarrhoea deaths than any other country in 2016 — has been mixed.
*Increasing coverage of Haemophilus Influenzae Type B (Hib) vaccine, as well as continued scale-up of rotavirus vaccines, first introduced in mid-2016, led to a bump in scoring for these interventions since last year’s report.
* Introduced in 2017, the Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV) has been included in only six States to date. Further scale-up of the vaccine to all States should be considered

Most child death due to pneumonia in India Most child death due to pneumonia in India Reviewed by The Hindu Current Affairs on November 10, 2018 Rating: 5

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