No respite from poverty for Muslims


What is Important?
UPSC perspective:
Prelims :NSSO,LFPR
& Mains :Highlights,Impact & Way forward


Why in News?

The National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) labour force survey reports that the economic condition of Muslims does not show any signs of improvement despite India being the fastest-growing large economy.

Highlights:

*An analysis of the data on economic and educational indicators for various religious groups reveals that Muslims are facing a vicious circle of poverty.
*The educational attainment of Muslims is the least among all these communities.
*In urban areas, the number of male Muslim postgraduates is as low as 15 per 1,000.
*The number of male graduates among Muslims is 71 per 1,000, less than even half the number of graduates (per 1,000) in other communities. 
* The number of Muslims educated up to the secondary and higher secondary levels is 162 and 90 per 1,000 persons, respectively, again the least among all the communities.
*Around half the Muslim population over 15 years is either illiterate or has only primary or middle school education.
*As per the NSSO survey, the average per capita consumption expenditure (used as an indicator of income) among Muslims is just ₹32.66 per day, which is the least among all religious groups.
*It is highest among Sikhs (₹55.30), followed by Christians (₹51.43) and Hindus (₹37.50).

Impact:

*The high level of illiteracy among Muslims and the low levels of general education ensure that they are trapped in a vicious circle of poverty.
*It is visible in terms of their low consumption expenditure and poor job market indicators, including LFPR, employment status, and worker population ratio.
*The NSSO data show that LFPR among Muslims is 342 and 337 (per 1,000) in urban and rural areas, respectively, the least among all the religious communities.
*Similarly, the LFPR among Muslim women is worse than that among women of other communities.

Way Forward:

*The Central and State governments could take concerted steps to help Indian Muslims escape this vicious circle of poverty.
*One way to improve their situation is to provide a special incentive and subsidy system for higher education. That will ensure that schoolgoing students continue to higher levels of schooling and higher education.
*Similarly, students who don’t wish to continue in general academic education must have access to vocational education from Class 9 onwards.







No respite from poverty for Muslims No respite from poverty for Muslims Reviewed by The Hindu Current Affairs on November 08, 2018 Rating: 5

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