Water ATMs may help in bridging safe water gap


What is Important?
UPSC perspective:
Prelims & Mains :Key facts & Water crisis in India


Why in News?

With 82 crore people who still do not have access to piped water and 70% of water in the country contaminated by pollutants, the government is increasingly starting to accept small water enterprises — such as water ATMs and community purification plants — as an alternative solution to the safe drinking water challenge.

Key Facts:

*A new report by Safe Water Network (SWN) says the government needs to spend ₹44,000 crore on 2.2 lakh small water enterprises to provide safe drinking water to about 37 crore people, mostly in urban slums where piped water infrastructure is difficult to build, and in rural areas with contaminated water sources.
*While such enterprises cost only a fraction of piped water infrastructure, policy changes and at least a doubling of tariffs are needed to help them bridge the safe water gap.
*A recent report by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) pointed out that only 18% of the rural population has access to potable piped water, failing to meet the 2017 target of 50%.

Water Crisis in India:

*600 million people in India face high to extreme water stress in the country.
*About three-fourth of the households in the country do not have drinking water at their premise.
*With nearly 70% of water being contaminated, India is placed at 120th amongst 122 countries in the water quality index.
*75% of households do not have drinking water on premise.
*84% rural households do not have piped water access.

How it works?

The water ATM is a dispensation system, which can be automatic with a coin or smart card, or manual.

Others Information:

*Community water purification plants have grown from less than 12,000 in 2014 to almost 50,000 in 2018, according to the SWN, as they have been incorporated into government planning. 
*To reach the government’s Har Ghar Jal target of 100% piped water by 2030, almost ₹5 lakh crore of infrastructure investment will be required




Water ATMs may help in bridging safe water gap Water ATMs may help in bridging safe water gap Reviewed by The Hindu Current Affairs on November 05, 2018 Rating: 5

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